The world photography, which was first coined by Sir John Frederick William Herschel in 1839, is derived from the two words, phos (light) and graphein (to write) Photography is the result of combining several discoveries. Long before first photographs were made, Chinese philosopher Mo Ti and Greek mathematicians Aristotle and Euclid had already described a pin whole camera in the 5th and 4th centuries BC.
Ritesh Sah from Kumaon University states that “The other factors, which facilitated the development of photography were the discovery of silver nitrate by Albert Magnus, the discovery of silver chloride by George Fabricus in the 16th century and William Homberg’s description of the photo chemical effect in 1694.”
The first permanent photograph was an image produced in 1826 by the French inventor Joseph Nicephore Niepce. In partnership with Louis Daguerre of Paris they refined the process of photography. Unfortunately in 1833 Niepce died of stroke and it took six years when on January 7, 1839, Daguerre announced that the first photographic plate has been developed that the first photographic plate has been developed. The French Government bought the patent and immediately on August 9, 1839, it announced the invention as a gift ’free to the world’.
Another photographic process, the Calotype was also invented by William Fox Talbot in 1839 and together both the inventions have marked August 19, 1839, as the year of the invention of photography.
Over 170 years later in 2009 Korske Ara rounded the worldphotoday.org and brought the World Photography Day concept of life. On August 19, 2010, the first global online gallery was established and the same day the world Photography Day was celebrated.
Korske Ara, the founder of World Photography Day, announced, “I believe that a photograph has the power to tell stories, freeze memories, inspire generations and initiate change. I am passionate about photography and the ability it has to change the world.”
Anup Sah a nted photographer and Chairman of the Florist League, said, “On August 18, the photographers of Nainital are going to celebrate the World Photography Day by organising the Sam Circuit International Photography Council (IIPC), New Delhi and the Florist League India.”
Uttarakhand can boast of having one of the best photographers in the country like Amar Nath Singh, Anup Sah, Tirish Kapoor, Brijmohan Joshi, Rakesh Sah, Raja Sah, Rajeev Kala, Ahed Tanveer, Brij Mohan Bisht Mahendra Singh Mohan, Kalyan Singh Sanjwan, Lokesh Pande, Vineeta Yashaswi, Deep Bisht and Damu Lohani etc. Anup Sah and Brijmohan Joshi have been conferred the Diamond Grading by IIPC, Amar Nath Singh the platinum and Mahendra Singh Mohan the gold.
The other photographers have also achieved laurels at the national level in wild life, landscape and nature photography etc. Trish Kapoor, an International Judge in photography and his series on Kailash Mansarover has achieved international acclaim.
Senior citizen, BL Sah is of the view:”Even during the British period Uttrakhand had attained national recognition in the field of photography owing to dedicated photographers like Gangi Sah, NL Sah, Ratan Lal Sah and Priya Lal, who laid the foundation of photography.”
Brijmaohan Joshi, an eminent photographer, an art historian and founder of the organization ‘Parampara’, who brought the scenic splendor and culture of Uttarakhand to the International Circuit through his mesmerizing photographs, avers, “International Photographic exhibition in nainital in which photographs of the best photographers in the country and from 20 other nations will be exhibited is beaing dedicated to Balbir Singh, a handicapped photographer from Nainital whose presence was felt internationally, but before he could reach the Everest in the world of photography, death laid its icy hands on this extremely talented artist in March this year.”
He was the first handicapped photographer in the country who was awarded the Platinum Grading by IIPC and Associateship by Photography Social Welfare, Government of India had also honoured him with the best Handicapped Employee Award at the national level. Only last year on the occasion of the World Photography day, he shared, “Korske’s vision is becoming a reality to celebrate the power and impact of photography.” Little did we know that this was the last tribute of the great artist to World Photography and this year we will be meeting in his memory for this unique celebration.
Source: Times of India